rough

rough
rough
A n
1 Sport (in golf) rough m ;
2 (unfinished copy) (draft) brouillon m ; (sketch) gen, spec ébauche f ; to write sth out in rough écrire qch au brouillon.
B adj
1 (not smooth) [hand, skin] rêche ; (stronger) rugueux/-euse ; [surface, rock] rugueux/-euse ; [material, paper] rêche ; [road, terrain] cahoteux/-euse ; [landscape] sauvage ; [grass] sec/sèche ; to smooth (off) the rough edges (of stone, wood, glass etc) polir ;
2 (brutal) [person, treatment, behaviour, sport] brutal, violent ; [area, district] dur ; to be rough with sb/sth être brutal avec qn/qch ; to get rough (with sb) devenir violent (avec qn) ;
3 (approximate) [description, map, indication] sommaire ; [translation, calculation] sommaire, rapide ; [figure, estimate] approximatif/-ive ; can you give me a rough idea of the cost? est-ce que vous pouvez me donner une idée approximative du coût? ; rough justice justice f sommaire or expéditive ;
4 (difficult) [life, period] dur, difficile ; to be rough on sb [person] être dur avec qn ; it's rough on you/him c'est dur pour toi/lui ; we're having a rough time on traverse une période difficile ; to give sb a rough ride rendre la vie dure à qn ; he's had a rough deal il a été traité injustement ;
5 (crude) [person, manner, behaviour] grossier/-ière ; [dwelling, shelter, table] rudimentaire ;
6 (harsh) [voice, sound, taste, wine] âpre ;
7 (stormy) [sea, crossing] agité ; [weather] gros/grosse ; (in plane) [landing] mouvementé ;
8 (unwell) to feel/to look rough se sentir/avoir l'air patraque .
C adv
1 (outdoors) to sleep/to live rough dormir/vivre à la dure ;
2 (violently) [fight, play] brutalement.
Idioms
to cut up rough s'énerver ; to rough it vivre à la dure.
Phrasal verbs
rough in :
rough in [sth] (sketch) esquisser ; (estimate) ébaucher, donner une idée de [figures, details].
rough out :
rough out [sth] esquisser, ébaucher [plan, proposal, drawing].
rough up :
rough [sb] up, rough up [sb]
1 (manhandle) bousculer euph, malmener ;
2 (beat up) tabasser .

Big English-French dictionary. 2003.

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